Ir. Mochammad Natsir, M.Sc.
Senior Advisor to Minister for Public Works and Housing on Economy and Investment, Ministry of Public Works and Housing
Development of Automation in Indonesia Water Industry: Outlooks and Challenges
Indonesia is a vast archipelago of more than 17 thousands islands, consisting of 1,9 million sq.km of land and 3.1 million sq.km of sea. Having 81 thousand km of shoreline, Indonesia is the second country with longest shoreline in the world with a population of more than 260 millions in 2016.
Infrastructure development has become the prime driver for Indonesia new economic growth cycle. A total infrastructure investment of more than USD 150 billion is required to maintain the targeted economic growth of more than 5 % in the Medium Terms Development Plan 2015 – 2019. To cope with these challenges, Ministry of Public Works and Housing (MPWH), among others, has set a target to improve safe water access from 71 % in 2015 to 100% in 2019, where 60 % of which shall be served with piped water. To support this water supply program, an additional production capacity of 128 m3/s and 27.7 million of House Connections will be required.
The application of automation system in water industry has been considered as one of the available and recommendable measures in improving the operational efficiency and accountability of water supply system. In addition, automation system serves a real time and historical data which are critically required in operating management and development policies.
Responding to the huge demand of water supply development and considering the geographic condition of Indonesia and advantages of automation system, the Government of Indonesia has decided to involve SCADA automation system in the development of new Water Treatment Plants (WTP) especially those having production capacity of 100 L/s and more and Sea Water Revers Osmosis (SWRO) Treatment Plant. this system has been installed in more than 10 provinces in Indonesia. To monitor and support the optimum operation of major WTPs in Indonesia, MPWH is planning to develop integrated monitoring dashboard that could access all of the installed SCADA systems from Jakarta.
MPWH represented by Directorate of Water Supply Development, in 2015 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with PT Yokogawa Indonesia on cooperation in capacity building of human resources in water supply sector. As a part of the implementation of this MOU, a field training site at Petanu WTP – Bali and a Main Control Room at PDAM Kota Malang (Municipal Water Enterprise) as the center of excellent in automation system have been developed.
Certainly, the development and improvement of automation system in water industry in Indonesia shall be continued. For the assurance of integrity, sustainability and better performance of the system, it is necessary to develop standardized technical specification of the system, application modules, and operator qualification and capacity building.